Westlake Kensington Square, 28687 Center Ridge Road
(440) 871-3400

Lakewood 3386 Warren Road
(216) 671-7440

Lorain 1740 Cooper Foster Park Rd. West Suite B
440-282-1221

Wellington 508 Dickson St.
1-888-961-8038

Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains occur when ligaments are stretched or torn and are the most common athletic injury. Nearly 85% occur on the outside of ankle joints. Some result from twisting the ankle when walking on an uneven surface. Due to their bone structure or foot type, some people are more prone to ankle sprains.

Ankle Joint Anatomy

The ankle joint is made up of three bones, the tibia, fibula and talus, forming a socket in which the ankle joint moves. Ligaments connect bones like thick rubber bands so that joints are stable and function properly. When an ankle is sprained, a ligament is either stretched, partially torn, or completely torn.

Muscle and tendon structures surround the ligaments allowing walking and running. Blood vessels, nerves and skin overlie the ligaments and tendons. The ankle joint allows the foot to move. Just below the ankle joint is a ball and socket joint that allows inward and outward motion.

Ankle Sprain Symptoms

Ankle sprain symptoms vary. Often, the ankle Is tender, swollen, discolored and can be quite painful to touch. Walking is usually hampered and may become more difficult depending on the severity of the sprain. Instability may occur, especially when ligaments are torn.

Ankle sprains are classified by "types" and range from mild to moderate to severe. Classifying ankle sprains helps the podiatric foot and ankle surgeon diagnose the specific structures involved in the injury. This also helps determine appropriate treatment plans for each type of ankle sprain. Type I ankle sprain, the least severe, when ligament fibers have been stretched or slightly torn. In Type II sprains occurs these fibers or ligaments are completely torn. Type III, the most severe, occurs when the entire ligament is torn and the ankle joint is severely unstable. Fractures of the ankle or foot bone require immediate diagnosis and attention.

Diagnosis

The doctor examines the ankle to identify the type of sprain and determine the best treatment. X-rays or specialized X-ray views of the ankle and foot may be used to reveal any fractures, dislocations or instability of the joint. Less frequently, more sophisticated testing is necessary to determine soft tissue injuries. For example, computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) give detailed views of the bone and soft tissue structures around the ankle joint.

The preceding is for informational purposes only. The material is derived from the current medical knowledge on the topics listed. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This site does not provide medical advice.  A special "thank you" is extended to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, as much of the information is derived from their literature and websites.

Office Hours for Corrigan Podiatry

Westlake

9:00 - 5:00

Warren Rd.

Closed

Westlake

9:00 5:00

Warren Rd.

9:00 - 12:00

Westlake

9:00 - 5:00

Warren Rd.

Closed

Westlake

9:00 4:00

Warren Rd.

9:00 - 12:00

Westlake

9:00 4:00

Warren Rd.

Closed

Two a month Westlake / Lakewood

With full

Surgery staff

9:00 - 12:00

Call for Details

Wellington

One Saturday / Month

We will be happy to visit qualified homebound patients.

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